- Information about the project -
from June 1, 2007
By decision of the members at the Annual General Meeting of GENUVI eV on 28.04.2007, our company participated in the "research project Rouge du Roussillon" to obtain this internationally classified as endangered breed of sheep from the south of France, which was saved eventually in Germany with its main gene pool.
At a meeting of breeders Rotkopfschafhalter in Tiergarten Nürnberg in September 2005 strong interest in the preservation of this breed of sheep has been expressed, which led ultimately due to many important issues and various publications about this breed in magazines for the award of a PhD thesis. Due to the Follow-up of the meeting was on 31/12/2006, a current Breeding stock of animals researched 10.50 .. In 2007, now runs the doctoral thesis at the Institute of Animal Breeding and Genetics at the University of Giessen in order to characterize genetically the breed and create a breeding program.
This research is a result of cooperation of the Tiergarten Nürnberg and the GEH (Society for the Conservation of Old and Endangered Livestock Breeds) carried out with the University of Giessen - now also with financial support from GENUVI eV!
At a second meeting on breeders 16:09:06 the future joint approach was also discussed with France, where even a not precisely defined number of Rouge du Roussillon exists.
Origin, distribution and characteristics of the Rouge du Roussillon:
The Rotkopfschafe or Rouge du Roussillon come from the French Pyrenees and belong to the group of fox sheep. Their wool is thin with hanging, spirally corrugated stack. The fleece is yellowish with strong wool fat, the tail long and thin. These sheep belong to the migrant sheep, which were driven in the spring along with other sheep breeds from the lowlands of Arles and from the Rhone delta to the Alps, France separate from Italy.
Head and level can be completely reddish brown. The ears hang slightly forward. The Rotkopfschaf is particularly robust and efficient at high temperatures (40 ° C), but also in cold weather and meager food supply. In our climate completely hardy for year-round outdoor rearing. In the area of origin Rouge du Roussillon were milked and made soft cheese. Sales of meat accounted for 95%.
28 kg slaughtered - After TANJA DAHLEM, one of the preservation of the breed breeders in Germany, lambs weighing in at 27.
As the Rouge du Roussillon came to Germany?
Members of the "European pioneer settlements eV" took over around 1975 abandoned Bergbauern_Höfe to preserve the sheep vacated mountain pastures before bush encroachment and erosion.
In summer 1979, the last major foci of the old mountain farmer Marty Sauveur was sold and was already on the way to the slaughterhouse of Perpignan.
In the rescue of the "pioneers" participated also interested persons from Bavaria, Baden, Hessen, Austria and France. After a few days the battle herd was bought.
1981, certain of the Tiergarten Nürnberg sheep were transferred to the estate farm Mittelbüg.
The mother of 12 lines-derived small herd was brought to the current inventory by strict selection of breeding.
A particular concern of the Tiergarten Nürnberg is to someday return a breeding line in its original home.
The 12 mother lines and their offspring were tabulated detected in a small monograph by the rapporteur, who has appeared as a special issue of the journal "Tiergarten currently" 1994.
Inventory 1999: 5 male and 38 female breeding animals registered!
The zoos and private breeders, want to keep or maintain the Rotkopfschafe, intend to set up a breeding ring for this valuable land blow breed.
Race carer for Rouge du Roussillon:
Dr. Katrin Baumgartner, Am Tiergarten 30, 90480 Nürnberg; Tel: 0911-54546
Sheep coordinator of GEH:
Henrik Wagner, Saarlouis Str 54, 66346 Püttlingen. Tel .: 06806-920662 or 0171-14705926806-920662
(The report was in part taken from the publication by Tanja in Dahlem
Magazine "Arche Nova", Issue 3/2006)
Gez .: Dr. Jürgen Güntherschulze
1. Chairman of GENUVI e.V.